The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) represents the world's commitment to universal ideals of human dignity. It has a unique mandate from the international community to promote and protect all human rights.
The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is mandated to promote and protect the enjoyment and full realization, by all people, of all rights established in the Charter of the United Nations and in international human rights laws and treaties. OHCHR is guided in its work by the mandate provided by the General Assembly in resolution 48/141, the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and subsequent human rights instruments, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights, and the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document.
The mandate includes preventing human rights violations, securing respect for all human rights, promoting international cooperation to protect human rights, coordinating related activities throughout the United Nations, and strengthening and streamlining the United Nations system in the field of human rights. In addition to its mandated responsibilities, the Office leads efforts to integrate a human rights approach within all work carried out by United Nations agencies. It is a part of the United Nations Secretariat with the headquarters in Geneva.
The High Commissioner for Human Rights is the principal human rights official of the United Nations. The post of High Commissioner for Human Rights was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1993 to promote and protect the effective enjoyment by all people of all civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights, including the right to development, The General Assembly resolution held that the High Commissioner should function as the UN official with pronciple responsibility for global human rights efforts.
The High Commissioner is appointed by the UN Secretary-General and approved by the General Assembly, with due regard to geographical rotation. Appointments are at the level Under-Secretary-General, for a fixed term of four years, with the possibility of one renewal for another fixed term of four years.
The appointment of Navanethem Pillay as UN High Commissioner for Human Rights was approved by the General Assembly on 28 July 2008. She took up the post on 1 September 2008. Her mandate has been renewed for two years beginning on 1 September 2012.
For more information go to the webpage of The Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights.