back to Millennium Development Goals: Armenia

Ensure environmental stability. Cutting by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation.

Armenia Context

In Armenia's context, new indicators are added to address environmental conservation of Lake Sevan, specifically, raising the water level and preventing lake swamping. The access to drinking water in rural areas is of special concern. While in 2003 a centralized water supply was available for 98% of household living in urban areas, in rural areas this indicator was as low as 81%. To measure the progress towards this target, new indicators have been set.

Nationalized MDG Targets and Indicators:

Target 1: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources.


  • Proportion of land area covered with forests

  • Ratio of areas protected to maintain biological diversity to surface area

  • Energy use (kg oil equivalent) per $1000 GDP

  • Carbon dioxide emissions per capita

  • Consumption of ozone depleting CFCs (ODP tons)

  • Proportion of population using solid fuels

  • Elevation of Lake Sevan above sea level, in meters

  • Average translucence of Lake Sevan

  • Average oxygen content in Lake Sevan

Target 2: Increase access to safe drinking water in rural areas.


  • Proportion of population without access to safe drinking water in rural areas

  • Number of population using transported water as compared to the total number of water users

Target 3: Improve housing conditions by 2015.


  • Ratio of slum population (households living in make-shift/temporary shelter), per 1000 households

  • Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation, urban and rural

  • Proportion of communities with more than 300 households with access to reliable natural gas supply

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